DOS: 45-Day Review Following the Revocation of Proclamations 9645 and 9983

DOS, Mar. 8, 2021

“On January 20, President Biden signed Proclamation 10141, “Ending Discriminatory Bans on Entry to the United States.” President Biden has made clear that the now-rescinded Proclamations 9645 and 9983 were a stain on our national conscience, contravened our values, jeopardized our alliances and partnerships, separated loved ones, and undermined our national security.

Applicants from the affected countries may no longer be denied on the basis of nationality, and the Department has taken a number of steps to ensure that applicants previously refused visas under Proclamations 9645 and 9983 will not have future visa applications prejudiced in any way by those prior decisions.

As part of Proclamation 10141, President Biden directed the State Department, within 45 days, to provide a report including a proposal for individuals whose immigrant visa applications were denied due to Proclamations 9645 or 9983 and seek to have their applications reconsidered. The Department has provided the results of our review to the White House.

The Department explored every possible avenue under the law for providing relief to affected individuals.  Those whose immigrant visa applications received a final refusal on or after January 20, 2020 due to the Proclamations may seek re-adjudication without resubmitting their application forms or paying any additional fees, provided the underlying visa petitions remain valid. Under current regulations, those whose immigrant visa applications were denied prior to January 20, 2020 may also be reconsidered, but these individuals must submit new applications and pay a new application fee.

FY 2017 – FY 2020 Diversity Visa applicants who were not issued visas are statutorily barred from being issued visas based on their selection as Diversity Visa applicants in those fiscal years, as the deadlines for visa issuance in those fiscal years have expired.

As the Department works to serve affected applicants as quickly as possible, the health and safety of our workforce and customers remains paramount. The COVID-19 pandemic, and the health safeguards it has necessitated, continue to severely impact the number of visas our embassies and consulates abroad are able to process. Our team in Washington and around the world continue to work tirelessly to find ways to increase the number of immigrant visa appointments, and will continue to do so in the coming months.”


Rescission of 2017 Policy Memorandum PM-602-0142

Effective immediately, USCIS rescinds PM-602-0142 “Rescission of the December 22, 2000 ‘Guidance memo on H1B computer related positions.’”

USCIS officers should not apply PM-602-0142 to any pending or new requests for H-1B classification, including motions on and appeals of revocations and denials of H-1B
classification. Further guidance will be forthcoming. PM-602-0142.1_RescissionOfPM-602-0142.pdf (

Biden to review deportations of veterans, military family that occurred under Trump BY TARA COPP

President Joe Biden will review the deportations of veterans and military family members that occurred under the stricter immigration enforcement policies of former President Donald Trump, a White House official told McClatchy.

The review is part of Biden’s broader effort to undo some of Trump’s immigration policies.

“The administration’s immigration enforcement will focus on those who are national security and public safety threats, not military families, service members or veterans,” White House assistant press secretary Vedant Patel said in a statement to McClatchy. “The federal government in conjunction with the Department of Homeland Security will take further review of removals of veterans and their family members.”

Biden issued the executive action earlier this month addressing immigration concerns, including to create a task force to reunite migrant families separated at the U.S.-Mexico border and revise the immigration court system.


Suspending and Terminating the Asylum Cooperative Agreements with the Governments El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras

The United States has suspended and initiated the process to terminate the Asylum Cooperative Agreements with the Governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras as the first concrete steps on the path to greater partnership and collaboration in the region laid out by President Biden.  The termination of these Agreements is effective after the notice period stipulated in each of the Agreements, but their suspension is immediate.

In the February 2 Executive Order aimed at creating a comprehensive regional framework to address the causes of migration, manage migration throughout North and Central America, and provide safe and orderly processing of asylum seekers at the U.S. border, the President set an ambitious course to work with our partners – governments, international and non-governmental organization partners, civil society, and the private sector – to build more resilient societies across the region.

In line with the President’s vision, we have notified the Governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras that the United States is taking this action as efforts to establish a cooperative, mutually respectful approach to managing migration across the region begin. Transfers under the U.S.-Guatemala Asylum Cooperative Agreement had been paused since mid-March 2020 due to COVID-19, and the Agreements with El Salvador and Honduras were never implemented.

To be clear, these actions do not mean that the U.S. border is open.  While we are committed to expanding legal pathways for protection and opportunity here and in the region, the United States is a country with borders and laws that must be enforced.  We are also committed to providing safe and orderly processing for all who arrive at our border, but those who attempt to migrate irregularly are putting themselves and their families at risk on what can be a very dangerous journey.

The Biden administration believes there are more suitable ways to work with our partner governments to manage migration across the region.  The United States will build on our strong relationships and support these governments’ efforts to address forced displacement without placing undue burden on them, especially in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.  Our approach will continue to provide support for their national action plans under the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework through international humanitarian partners.

We will address the root causes of forced displacement and irregular migration, including by combatting corruption and impunity, upholding our obligations to protect refugees, and working collaboratively with our partners to promote opportunity and prosperity for people and communities across the region.


New Laws Take Effect in New York in 2021

It’s been a busy year for lawmakers dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Legislation was passed that prevents evictions, provides testing, treatment, and vaccination against COVID-19.

It may be easy to forget heading into the new year there are other laws that will be taking effect. Below is a recap of laws that will be taking effect beginning in 2021.

Minimum wage

On December 31, 2020, the state’s minimum wage increased to $12.50 an hour outside of New York City. In Long Island and Westchester County, the minimum wage increased to $14 an hour.

Paid family leave

Eligible employees will be eligible for 12 weeks of paid family leave beginning January 1, 2021. Employees who use paid family leave will be able to receive 67% of their weekly earnings- up to $971.61 a week.

Section 485-A property tax exemption

Revisions to the residential-commercial urban exemption program forcing yearly recertification to make sure applicants are in compliance with the rules of the tax exemption program. A percentage of renovated buildings with this exemption must be used for residential.

Stretch limousine safety

Stretch limousines altered on or after January 1, 2021, will have to have at least two safety belts in the front seat and a safety belt in the rear for each passenger.

Increased Thruway tolls

With the exception of the Gov. Mario M. Cuomo Bridge, NY EZPass rates will be frozen as of January 1, 2021. Travelers with an EZPass from out of state will pay 15% more than current NY EZPass rates. Travelers who choose tolls by mail will pay 30% more than NY EZPass customers.

Election recount

Effective January 1, 2021, a recount of elections will take place if the margin of victory is less than 20 votes, is 0.5% or less, or “where one million or more ballots have been cast and the margin of victory is less than 5,000 votes,” according to the state Senate website.

Brianna’s Law

Persons born after January 1, 1988, must take a boating safety course before getting a boating license.

Child-Parent Security Act

As of February 15, 2021, the Child Parents Security Act gives the “intended” parents of children born through “third party reproduction” methods like sperm or egg donation, embryos, or surrogacy full parental rights and obligations which include the ability to make medical decisions for the child(ren).

Auto-renewal of service contracts

Beginning February 9, 2021, companies (ie. Netflix, Hulu, Disney+) must notify customers at least 15 days in advance before auto-renewing service contracts.

Capped price of insulin

Beginning in 2021, the out of pocket cost for insulin cannot exceed $100 for a 30-day supply for patients with health insurance.

New York Bail Reform

New York’s bail law eliminates pretrial detention and money bail for the vast majority of misdemeanor and nonviolent felony cases. The law also requires release for certain violent felonies – second-degree burglary and second-degree robbery.

The law would still require cash bail for major drug trafficking offenses, sex offenses, criminal contempt in a domestic violence case, witness tampering or intimidation, and certain offenses against children.

Cuomo estimates the new law will keep about 90% of defendants out of jail at least until their case gets resolved.

NY Divorce Based on Domestic Violence and Psychological Abuse

Falling out of love is a downward spiral that can trigger intense negative feelings. When those negative feelings manifest themselves in in various ways, the stage is set for domestic violence to take place.

In New York domestic violence falls under the umbrella of “cruel and inhuman treatment,” and such treatment, specially as part of a pattern established over time, may provide sufficient grounds for divorce.

Domestic violence is a pattern of physical, psychological, emotional and abusive behavior that can affect any family member regardless of their age, gender, sexual preference, ethnicity or social standing. Although the definition of domestic violence varies from state to state, it can include any acts of actual or threatened abuse including psychological, physical, sexual or financial abuse, and threatening or intimidating behavior towards a spouse.

In the context of divorce proceedings, because of the private nature of the domestic violence treatment, proving the existence of psychological,  sexual or financial abuse, and threatening or intimidating treatment can be challenging, but a domestic violence victim should a written record of the abuse and enlisted the help of any witnesses.

If you are a victim of domestic violence and are considering to pursue a divorce on the grounds of cruel and inhuman treatment, please call the Law Offices of Norka M. Schell, LLC at (212) 258-0713, as soon as possible, to discuss your options with our NY divorce attorney.










Immigration Consequences and Domestic Violence

In general, a qualifying domestic violence conviction triggers deportation regardless of sentence, and regardless of whether the conviction is a felony or misdemeanor. The domestic violence deportation ground appears at the Immigration and Nationality Act (“INA”) Section 237(a)(2)(E)(i), 8 USC section 1227(a)(2)(E).

Many domestic violence convictions fall into other grounds of deportation, such as aggravated felonies, or crimes of moral turpitude.  There are four distinct ways that a noncitizen can become deportable:

  • Conviction of a “crime of domestic violence;”
  • Conviction of “stalking;”
  • Conviction of a “crime of child abuse, child neglect, or child abandonment; or
  • Judicial finding in civil or criminal proceedings of a violation of certain portions of a domestic violence protective order.

Like any deportation ground, the domestic violation ground can cause a permanent resident, refugee, or other person who has been admitted to the United States to be placed in removal proceedings and charged with being deportable. The person can also be barred for cancellation of removal for nonpermanent residents under the INA Sec. 240A(b)(2).

However, there is discretionary waiver of deportability under the Domestic Violence ground for people who can show that they were primarily the victim in the relationship and make other showings. One can apply to waive a conviction of a Domestic Violence or a stalking offense, or being found to have violated a Domestic Violence Protective Order (PO), but not a conviction of child abuse, neglect, or abandonment.

Finally, being deportable under the Domestic Violation ground alone does not “stop the clock” on accruing the seven years of residence that is required for cancellation of removal for permanent residents, INA Sec. 240A(a), (d). But if the conviction also causes inadmissibility, it might stop the seven-year clock.

The Law Offices of Norka M. Schell, LLC can assist immigrants who are facing deportation on Domestic Violation ground, please call (212) 258-0713 to speak with our domestic violation lawyer.


Maintaining Status

While studying in the United States, it is important to maintain your F or M student status. Your status relates to the purpose, or reason for why you want to come to the United States. The U.S. Department of State issues you your visa based on your intended purpose.

If the Department of State issues you an F or M student visa, this means that you are coming to the United States to study. You should not take any action that detracts from that purpose. Maintaining your status means:

  • Fulfilling the purpose for why the Department of State issued you your visa.
  • Following the regulations associated with that purpose.

F-1 and M-1 students share the same primary purpose for coming to the United States however, F-1 students enroll in more traditional academic programs, while M-1 students enroll in vocational programs. Because these two types of programs are different in nature, the types of benefits an international student may be eligible for and how long they may remain in the country depend on whether they are an F-1 or M-1 student. For information on Maintaining Status, contact the Law Offices of Norka M. Schell, LLC at (212)258-0713.

F-1 Aliens in Post-Completion OPT

As exceeding unemployment limits can result in a loss of status, we are reminding F-1 aliens participating in post-completion Optional Practical Training (OPT), and their designated school officials (DSOs), that they must update the employer information in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS), including unemployment data. Federal regulations require F-1 aliens to notify their DSO within 10 days of any changes to their personal or employment information. In turn, DSOs must update SEVIS with the alien’s information within 21 days. This reminder helps ensure F-1 aliens and DSOs properly comply with existing requirements.

Aliens in F-1 nonimmigrant status may update their employer information through the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) Portal, a tool that allows F and M aliens participating in post‑completion practical training to report accurate and timely information directly to SEVP. DSOs may update the information in SEVIS following the instructions to add, edit, or delete the OPT employer. If aliens are unsure of whether they should report information using the portal, or provide the information to their DSO, they should contact their DSO for instructions.

Aliens in F-1 nonimmigrant status and DSOs must ensure that information is entered timely in SEVIS, so that the alien’s record is current and reflects actual employment data. SEVIS will count each day without employer information toward the total number of unemployment days allowed. Failure to update employer information in SEVIS to reflect that the alien is employed may result in any or all of the following actions:

  • The alien exceeding unemployment limits and therefore failing to maintain F-1 nonimmigrant status, rendering them removable, unless they are otherwise in a period of authorized stay;
  • SEVP setting an alien’s SEVIS record to “terminated” if they have exceeded unemployment limits;
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) initiating revocation proceedings for an alien’s Employment Authorization Document if they have exceeded unemployment limits; and
  • The exceeded unemployment limits negatively affecting the alien’s future benefit requests filed with USCIS.

Proclamation Suspending Entry of Aliens Who Present a Risk to the U.S. Labor Market Following the Coronavirus Outbreak

On June 19, 2020, Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany confirmed that for now, President Trump has no plans to lift restrictions discussed below for the Schengen area.

On May 24, 2020, based on concerns regarding COVID-19, President Trump issued a proclamation suspending the entry of individuals who were physically present in Brazil during the 14-day period preceding their entry or attempted entry into the United States. On May 25, 2020, the effective date of the proclamation was amended to be May 26, 2020. Similar to other proclamations implementing entry restrictions for certain nations, the Proclamation also includes a list of exemptions to which the suspension and limitation on entry do not apply.